The government’s plan to raise tobacco excise to a decade high in 2020 is expected to make cigarettes more expensive and discourage smokers in Indonesia, which has one of the world’s highest smoking prevalence. An average 23 percent excise hike will increase retail cigarette prices by 35 percent, according to the Finance Ministry, after keeping the tobacco excise steady in the 2019 election year. Cigarettes are an extremely popular product in Indonesia, where 62.9 percent of male adults and 23 percent of male teenagers aged 13 to 15 years old smoke. The 2018 Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas) and the Global School-based Student Health Survey in 2015 show that 33.8 percent of adults and 12.7 percent of children smoke — and child smokers are increasing. With Indonesia’s smoking culture and large exposure to cigarettes, price increases might do little to reduce cigarette consumption and smoking prevalence in the short term. After all, Indonesia’s cigarette … [Read more...] about Smoking kills and funds
Education spending per student by country
No Singaporean student is ever displaced from an institute of higher learning (IHL) because of a foreign student, Education Minister Ong Ye Kung said yesterday. He told the House the number of places in IHLs is planned with Singaporean students in mind. After admitting all Singaporeans who meet their standards, the IHLs "raise the bar by a few notches" and admit a "small minority" of foreign students. Mr Ong gave this assurance in response to Workers' Party Non-Constituency MP Leon Perera, who asked about government spending on foreign students. The minister said the annual education budget of about $13 billion is "overwhelmingly" spent on local students, through subsidies and financial aid to make education affordable. Such financial aid, in the form of assistance and bursaries, is for Singaporeans only, he added. Annual government spending on scholarships and tuition grants for foreign students has fallen by about 50 per cent over the past 10 years, Mr Ong said. Spending on such … [Read more...] about No S’porean student displaced because of foreign students: Ong
SEOUL: One of the first things North Korean defector Ri Kwang-myong did after reaching the South was to go back to school - 12 years after finishing his education.North Korea claims a 100 per cent literacy rate and boasts that its free compulsory education demonstrates the superiority of its socialist system.But those who escape from the impoverished country often struggle in the South from a lack of basic knowledge.Lessons at North Korean schools are peppered with praise for the leadership, defectors say, and for many, education is also disrupted by grinding poverty or their long journey to freedom.Ri, 31, is among a handful of adult students at Wooridul School in Seoul, an educational haven for North Korean students too old, or lagging academically and so unable to go to appropriate state schools."Although I studied in the North and graduated, I don't know much," said Ri, who went back to school last year, six months after arriving in South Korea.Much of what he was taught … [Read more...] about Lost lessons: North Koreans get ‘re-education’ in South
SAO PAULO: A nationwide strike called by Brazil's trade unions disrupted public transport and triggered road blocks in parts of the country Friday, ahead of protests against far-right President Jair Bolsonaro's pension reform.Hours before the opening match of the Copa America in Sao Paulo, some metro lines in the country's biggest city were paralyzed as professors and students also prepared to take to the streets over the government's planned education spending cuts.It will be the latest mass demonstration against Bolsonaro since he took office in January, but the timing could not be worse for the embattled president as Brazil prepares to play Bolivia in South America's showcase football tournament.Bolsonaro was expected to attend the opener at Morumbi stadium where police sharpshooters will be deployed as part of increased security for the competition.One of Brazil's main trade unions estimated 45 million workers had taken part in the strike.Some 63 cities had been affected by the … [Read more...] about Brazil strike disrupts transport ahead of Copa America
Instead, imagine if kids were using these technologies to build fulfilling friendships, create awe-inspiring art or even save lives. In Thailand, people spend more than one-third of their day online at an average of nine hours and 11 minutes. The worldwide daily average is six hours and 42 minutes per day (2018 figures). Our growing use of digital technology shows no sign of slowing, with 1 million new users coming online every day, according to We Are Social’s “Global Digital Report 2019”. As more parents raise kids with iPads and iPhones, it’s no surprise that children are among the fastest growing group for internet use. In the latest Unesco research, “Digital Kids Asia-Pacific: Insights into Children’s Digital Citizenship” (DKAP), which was launched this month, over 60 per cent of 15-year-olds surveyed were already spending more than three hours a day online, while about 8 per cent were online for more than seven hours daily. … [Read more...] about Can YouTube kids blossom into young digital citizens?